Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages your optic nerve. Over time, it will deteriorate at a steady pace and can really weaken your eyesight. Although it’s an illness that people tend to get when they are older, it can also be hereditary. It can cause permanent blindness over a relatively short period of time, so Glaucoma prevention and detection are crucial.
Signs & symptoms
There are two different types of Glaucoma…
- Acute angle-closure
- Chronic open-angle.
If you are suffering from Acute angle-closure glaucoma, then the symptoms will develop much quicker. The most noticeable signs will be red eyes, misty vision, and seeing rings around lights. If your eyes feel tender and you suffer from any kind of regular pain around your eyes, then you should get help immediately.
With Chronic open-angle glaucoma, there are very few symptoms which will present themselves. You won’t even realize that your vision is being affected most of the time. The only real sign will be when your peripheral vision begins to suffer heavily.
What causes Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is caused by a blockage in a part of your eye, and over time this stops fluid being able to drain for your eye and increases the pressure on your eye. However, the actual cause of the change in fluidity can be determined by many different things such as:
- Your age
- Your ethnic origin
- Your current eye condition – short sightedness particularly
- Blood pressure
- Genetics and family history
- Overall medical history – particularly those with diabetes
While the signs and symptoms can vary depending on what type you have, the reasons that it actually starts in the first place tend to be easily relatable.
Unfortunately, any damage caused by Glaucoma cannot be repaired. This is why diagnosis is very important, as any further damage can be prevented. There’s no way to repair the damage already done, but eye drops are the most common method used to stop any further damage continuing. It depends on how bad the condition is and your own health in general, and what medication you take otherwise.
Laser treatments are regularly offered as a solution as well, but this can be pretty expensive to do so unless you have excess cash or very good health insurance, this can be a hard process to get accepted for.
Prevention and early diagnosis
The best way to prevent Glaucoma is to regularly have eye tests, at least once every two years. If you don’t, you could miss the start of Glaucoma and not be able to do anything about it for the long-term, leaving you with rapidly degrading eyesight. Eye tests are the only real way to make sure that you catch Glaucoma before it gets any worse, so make sure you go for regular eye tests.
If your eyes are in poor condition your optician may request that you come back more regularly than every two years.
The Content of this page is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on the Woodside Optical Site!