A cataract is a condition which causes the lens of the eyes to become cloudy. This restricts light from getting into the retina. The result is the blurring of images, overall blurry vision, and in many cases blindness. In fact cataracts are one of the leading causes of blindness.
Who is most likely to get cataracts?
People over fifty years of age have an increased risk of developing cataracts. At the initial stage of the disease, the impact is manageable, but as the person grows older, the clouding over the eyes becomes more opaque, causing the vision to blur significantly. More than half of all Americans will suffer from cataracts by the age of 80.
Signs and symptoms of cataracts
Cataract symptoms vary according to the type of cataract, but usually they all include cloudy and blurry vision, as well as reduced vision clarity, even after undergoing the best correction available. Various cataract patients complain about an increased glare in their vision especially during the night while driving. Also, for someone suffering from cataracts, colors appear less vibrant and objects appear to be washed out.
Prevention of cataracts
Cataracts can be prevented to an extent. The sun does a lot of damage to our eyes, so it is important to always wear UV blocking sunglasses as well as broad brimmed hats whenever you are out in the open sun. Do not be deceived by the clouds. The sun’s harshest rays easily pass through hazy skies and thin clouds.
Never stare directly at the sun. Looking at the sun directly, especially during an eclipse, can result in solar retinopathy, which is the permanent damage to the eye’s retina from the solar radiation.
Always be cautious of the medications you use. Certain medications, such as tetracycline, sulfa drugs, birth control pills, diuretics, and tranquilizers can increase your body’s sensitivity to UV light.
Modern cataract surgery is among the most successful surgeries available to us today. It is an outpatient procedure, and most patients notice improvement in their vision within 24 hours. Cataract surgery is relatively painless, with limited post-procedure down time. With the latest medical technology and knowledge, virtually any kind of cataract can be efficiently removed with cataract surgery.
How is cataract surgery performed?
Cataract surgery takes approximately fifteen minutes. The surgeon will make a cut in your cornea using a laser. The surgeon will then use an ultrasound-driven device to break the natural lens containing the cataract. The cloudy lens will then be removed. Finally, a plastic or silicon intraocular lens will be installed in place of your natural lens. Once the operation is done, your eye will be covered by a clean shield to keep it clean and safe.
Lasik is preferred for cataract surgery because it delivers a quick recovery process. There is no stitching involved so the recovery is quick and painless. You may be required to wear the eye patch. You will also need to use the eye drops recommended by your doctor for at least a few weeks. There are no mandatory medications to ingest after this surgery.
The Content of this page is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on the Woodside Optical Site!